Resistance of Cucurbita spp. germplasm to the fungus Macrophomina phaseolina

Fernanda Larisse dos Santos Lima, Michele Barboza, Márcia Michelle de Queiroz Ambrósio, Neilza Reis Castro de Albuquerque, Glauber Henrique de Sousa Nunes, Aurélio Paes Barros Júnior, Geovane de Almeida Nogueira, Lindomar Maria da Silveira

Resumo


The objective of this study was to evaluate genotypes of Cucurbita moschata and Cucurbita maxima for resistance to the fungus Macrophomina phaseolina (Taissi) Goid. The experiment used 17 accessions of Cucurbita moschata Duchesne (ABTOU 805 F1, ABO 168, ABPUN 206 F4, ABPUN 201 F6, ABTOU 805 F4, ABPUN 206 F6, ABPUN 206 F2, ABPUN 206 F1, ROÇA DE PAI, ABTOU 805 F4, P114-1, P160-2, P11-2, P114-6, P131-21, P114-02 and P97-1), 20 accessions of Cucurbita maxima Duchesne (ABPUN-213, ABCRN-304, ABTOU-802-F4, ABAPO-002, ABAPO-005, JCCM-2014, ABO-156, ABPUN-212, ABCRN-315, ABTOU-802 F1, ABAPO-007, JERIMUM LU, ABAPO-024, ABPUN-211, RGV 2011.1 01, ABCRN-306, ABBAR-101, ABCRN-302, ABTOU-802 F3 and JCCA) preserved in the Cucurbit Germplasm Collection of the Federal Rural University of the Semi-Arid Region (UFERSA). Four commercial controls were also used, two for each species. In both studies, three isolates of M. phaseolina were inoculated, which are kept at the Fungal Culture Collection of UFERSA: MM1531 (GenBank: MN136199), ME249 and ME250. Plants received inoculum of the pathogen in pieces of colonized toothpick and were evaluated for incidence and severity of the disease. Both species showed resistant plants, but with varied frequencies for the accessions. Considering the species, the frequencies observed for C. moschata were higher than those observed for C. maxima.

Palavras-chave


Cucurbita moschata; Cucurbita maxima; Soil-dwelling pathogen; Variability; Plant genetic resources.

Texto completo:

PDF (English)

Referências


ÁLVAREZ-HERNÁNDEZ, J.C.; CASTELLANOS-RAMOS, J.Z.; AGUIRRE-MANCILLA, C.L.; HUITRÓN-RAMÍREZ M.V.; CAMACHO-FERRE, F. Influência de porta-enxertos sobre a murcha de Fusarium, infestação de nematóides, rendimento e qualidade de frutos na produção de melancia. Ciência e Agrotecnologia, v. 39, n. 4, p. 23-330, 2015.

AMBRÓSIO, M.M.; DANTAS, A.C.; MARTÍNEZ-PEREZ, E.; MEDEIROS, A.C.; NUNES, G.H.; PICÓ, M.B. Screening a variable germplasm collection of Cucumismelo L. for seedling resistance to Macrophomina phaseolina. Euphytica, v. 206, n. 2, p. 287-300, 2015.

CHAUDHARI, D.; ACHARYA, R.; GOHIL, S.; PATEL, N. Genetic divergence study in pumpkin (Cucurbita moschata Duch. Ex. Poir). Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, v. 6, n. 4, p.744-747, 2017.

COHEN, R.; ELKABETZ, M.; EDELSTEIN, M. Variation in the responses of melon and watermelon to Macrophomina phaseolina. Crop protection, v. 85, n. 7, p. 46-51, 2016.

COSER, S.M.; CHOWDA-REDDY, R.V. ZHANG, J. MUELLER, D.S.; MENGISTU, A.; WISE, K.A.; SINGH, A.K. Genetic architecture of charcoal rot (Macrophomina phaseolina) resistence in soybean revealed using a diverse panel. Frontiers in Plant Science, v. 8, n. 9, p.1626, 2017.

ISHIKAWA, M.S., RIBEIRO, N.R.; OLIVEIRA, E.C.,; ALMEIDA, A.A.; BALBI-PEÑA, M.I. Seleção de cultivares de soja para resistência à podridão negra da raiz (Macrophomina phaseolina). Summa Phytopathologica, v. 43, n. 1, p. 38-44, 2018.

LIMA, L. R. L. et al. Diallel crosses for resistance to Macrophomina phaseolina and Thanatephorus cucumeris on cowpea. Embrapa Roraima-Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE), 2017.

LINHARES, C.M.D.S.; FREITAS, F.C.L.D.; AMBRÓSIO, M.M.D.Q.; CRUZ, B.L.S.D.; DANTAS, A.M.D.M. Efeito de coberturas do solo sobre a sobrevivência de Macrophomina phaseolina no feijão-caupi. Summa Phytopathologica, v. 42, n. 2, p.155-159, 2016.

LIU, Q.; ZHAO, X.; BRECHT, J.K.; SIMS, C.A.; SANCHEZ, T.; DUFAULT, N.S. Fruit quality of seedless watermelon grafted onto squash rootstocks under different production systems. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, v.97, n. 14, p. 4704-4711, 2017.

MEDEIROS, A.C.; MELO, D.R.M.D.; AMBRÓSIO, M.M.D.Q.; NUNES, G.H.D.S.; COSTA, J.M.D. Métodos de inoculação de Rhizoctonia solanie Macrophomina phaseolina em meloeiro (Cucumis melo). Summa Phytopathologica, v. 41, n. 4, p. 281-286, 2015.

MICHEREFF, S.J.; ANDRADE, D.E.; SALES JÚNIOR, R. Reaction of melon genotypes to Rhizoctonia solani. Horticultura Brasileira, v. 26, n. 3, p. 401-404, 2008.

PADLEY, L.D.; KABELKA, E.A.; ROBERTS, P.D.; FRENCH, R. Evaluation of Cucurbita pepo accessions for crown rot resistance to isolates of Phytophthora capsici. Hortscience v. 43, n. 7, p. 1996-1999, 2008.

PEREIRA, R.B.; AGUIAR, F.M.; TORRES, T.B.; AMARO, G.B.; LUCAS, G.C.; PINHEIRO, J.B. Reação de genótipos de abóbora e morangas a Phytophthora capsici. Horticultura Brasileira, v. 35, n. 4, p. 599-603, 2017.

PINHEIRO, J.B.; SILVA, G.O.D.; OLIVEIRA, V.R.; AMARO, G.B.; MORAIS, A.A.D. Prospection of genetic resistance resources to root-knot nematodes in cucurbit genotypes. Horticultura Brasileira, v. 37, n. 3, p. 343-347, 2019.

PRIORI, D.; BARBIERI, R.L.; MISTURA, C.C.; VILLELA, J.C.B. Caracterização morfológica de variedades crioulas de abóboras (Cucurbita maxima) do sul do Brasil. Ceres, v. 65, n. 4, p. 337-345, 2018.

RODRÍGUEZ, R.A.; VALDÉS, M.P.; ORTIZ, S. Características agronómicas y calidad nutricional de los frutos y semillas de zapallo Cucurbita sp. Revista Colombiana de Ciencia Animal Recia, v. 10, n. 1, p. 86-97, 2018.

SALARI, M.; PANJEHKEH, N.; NASIRPOOR, Z.; ABKHOO, J. Reaction of melon (Cucumismelo L.) cultivars to soil-borne plant pathogenic fungi in Iran. African Journal of Biotechnology, v. 11, n. 87, p.15324-15329, 2012.

SALEHI, B.; CAPANOGLU, E.; ADRAR, N.; CATALKAYA, G.; SHAHEEN. S.; JAFFER M.; DOCEA, A.O. Cucurbits plants: A key emphasis to its pharmacological potential. Molecules, v. 24, n. 10, p. 1854, 2019.

SOARES, M.G.O.; SOARES, J.A.; CEZAR, M.A.; CARDOSO, T.A.L.; LIMA, J.A.A. Ocorrência de patógenos em cultivos de melancia e abóbora no sertão da Paraíba. Revista Verde de Agroecologia e Desenvolvimento Sustentável, v. 11, n. 1, p. 7-13, 2016.

ZHOU X.; WU Y.; CHEN, S.; CHEN, Y.; ZHANG, W.; SUN, X.; ZHAO, Y. Using Cucurbita rootstocks to reduce fusarium wilt incidence and increase fruit yield and carotenoid content in oriental melons. HortScience, v. 49, n. 11, p. 1365-1369, 2014.




Revista Ciência Agronômica ISSN 1806-6690 (online) 0045-6888 (impresso), Site: www.ccarevista.ufc.br, e-mail: ccarev@ufc.br - Fone: (85) 3366.9702 - Expediente: 2ª a 6ª feira - de 7 às 17h.