Adaptability and stability of canola hybrids in different sowing dates

Luiz Henrique da Silva Lima, Alessandro Lucca Braccini, Carlos Alberto Scapim, Gleberson Guillen Piccinin, Raissa Marrafon Ponce

Resumo


Canola is an important crop in the world market, mainly for its oil being used for human consumption and biodiesel production, being a great economical option for the farmer, which are the reasons to the increase in its cultivation in Brazil. This study aimed to evaluate the adaptability and stability of canola hybrids, depending on the sowing dates. The canola hybrids (Hyola 61, Hyola 76, Hyola 411 and Hyola 433) were evaluated in three sowing dates (04/10, 04/25 and 05/10) in the agricultural years of 2013 and 2014, under a randomized complete block design with five repetitions. The response variables analyzed were seed yield and oil content. Adaptability and stability of the hybrids were evaluated by three methods: Wricke’s ecovalence (1962); confidence index (Annicchiarico, 1992) and method of maximum ideal deviation (Lin and Binns, 1988). The methodology proposed by Wricke (1962) highlighted as stable the hybrids Hyola 61 for seed yield and Hyola 411 for oil content. In the methodology proposed by Lin and Binns (1988) and Annicchiarico (1992), the hybrids with higher general adaptability and stability were Hyola 411 and 433. These hybrids presented the highest means for seed yield and oil content with predictable and responsive behavior to changes in sowing dates tested in the region of Maringá - PR.

Palavras-chave


Brassica napus L.; Oil content; Productivity

Texto completo:

PDF

Referências


ANNICCHIARICO, P. Cultivar adaptation and recomendation from alfafa trials in Northern Italy. Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding, v. 46, n. 1, p. 269-278, 1992.

CARGNELLUTI FILHO, A. et al. Comparação de métodos de adaptabilidade e estabilidade relacionados à produtividade de grãos de cultivares de milho. Bragantia, v. 66, n. 4, p. 571-578, 2007.

COCHRAN, W. G. The combination of estimates from different experiments. Biometrics, v. 10, n. 1, p. 101-129, 1954.

CRUZ, C. D. Genes: a software package for analysis in experimental statistics and quantitative genetics. Acta Scientiarum. Agronomy, v. 35, n. 3, p. 271-276, 2013.

CRUZ, C. D.; CARNEIRO, P. C. S. Modelos biométricos aplicados ao melhoramento genético. Viçosa, MG: Editora UFV, 2003. 585 p. v. 2.

CRUZ, C. D.; REGAZZI, A. J.; CARNEIRO, P. C. S. Modelos biométricos aplicados ao melhoramento genético. Viçosa, MG: Editora UFV, 2004. 480 p.

DE MORI, C.; TOMM, G. O.; FERREIRA, P. E. P. Aspectos econômicos e conjunturais da cultura da canola no mundo e no Brasil. Passo Fundo: Embrapa Trigo, 2014. 36 p. (Embrapa Trigo. Documentos online, 149). Disponível em: . Acesso em: 17 dez. 2014.

ESCOBAR, M. et al. Genotype × environment interaction in canola (Brassica napus L.) seed yield in Chile. Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research, v. 71, n. 2, p. 175-186, 2011.

FRIEDT, W. et al. Plant breeding: assessment of genetic diversity in crop plants and its exploitation in breeding. Progress in Botany, v. 168, p. 152-177, 2007.

GUNASEKERA, C. P. et al. Genotype by environment interactions of Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L) and canola (Brassica napus L.) in Mediterranean-type environments: I. Crop growth and seed yield. European Journal of Agronomy, v. 25, n. 1, p. 1-12, 2006.

INSTITUTO ADOLF LUTZ. Métodos físico-químicos para análise de alimentos. São Paulo, 2008. 1020 p.

KAEFER, J. E. et al. Produtividade de sementes e componentes de produção da canola de acordo com fontes e doses de nitrogênio. Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira, v. 49, n. 4, p. 273-280, 2014.

LIN, C. S.; BINNS, M. R. A superiority measure of cultivar performance for cultivars x location data. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, v. 68, n. 1, p. 193-198, 1988.

MARIOTTI, I. A. et al. Análisis de estabilidad y adaptabilidad de genotipos de caña de azúcar. I. Interacciones dentro de una localidad experimental. Revista Agronómica del Nordeste Argentino, v. 13, n. 14, p. 105-127, 1976.

MARJANOVIC-JEROMELA, A. et al. Genotype by environment interaction for seed yield per plant in rapeseed using AMMI model. Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira, v. 46, n. 2, p. 174-181, 2011.

MARJANOVIC-JEROMELA, A. et al. Oil yield stability of winter rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) genotypes. Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus, v. 73, n. 4, p. 217-220, 2008.

MARQUES, M. C. et al. Adaptabilidade e estabilidade de genótipos de soja em diferentes épocas de semeadura. Bioscience Journal, v. 27, n. 1, p. 59-69, 2011.

MASHAYEKH, A.; MOHAMADI, A.; GHARANJICK, S. Evaluation of canola genotypes for yield stability in the four regions in Iran. Bulletin of Environment, Pharmacology and Life Sciences, v. 3, n. 11, p. 123-128, 2014.

MELGAREJO, A. M. A. et al. Características agronômicas e teor de óleo da canola em função da época de semeadura. Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola e Ambiental, v. 18, n. 9, p. 934-938, 2014.

NOWOSAD, K. et al. Genotype by environment interaction for seed yield in rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) using additive main effects and multiplicative interaction model. Euphytica, v. 208, n. 1, p. 187-194, 2016.

PELÚZIO, J. M. et al. Adaptabilidade e estabilidade de cultivares de soja em quatro épocas de semeadura no sul do Estado do Tocantins. Revista Ceres, v. 55, n. 1, p. 34-40, 2008.

SHIRANI-RAD, A. et al. Effects of planting date on spring rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) cultivars under different irrigation regimes. Turkish Journal of Field Crops, v. 19, n. 2, p. 153-157, 2014.

TAHIRA, A. R.; KHAN, M. A.; AMJAD, M. Stability analysis of canola (Brassica napus) genotypes in Pakistan. Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science, v. 10, n. 2, p. 270-275, 2013.

TOBE, A. et al. Effect of sowing date on some phenological stages and oil contents in spring canola (Brassica napus, L.) cultivars. Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research, v. 13, n. 9, p. 1202-1212, 2013.

TOMM, G. O. et al. Tecnologia para produção de canola no Rio Grande do Sul. Passo Fundo: Embrapa Trigo, 2009. 41 p. (Embrapa Trigo. Documentos Online, 113). Disponível em: . Acesso em: 10 jan. 2015.

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. Foreign Agricultural Service. Production, supply, and distribution online. Disponível em: . Acesso em: 25 jul. 2014.

UZUN, B. et al. Sowing date effects on growth, flowering, seed yield and oil content of canola cultivars. Asian Journal of Chemistry, v. 21, n. 3, p. 1957-1965, 2009.

VASCONCELOS, F. M. T. et al. Adaptabilidade e estabilidade de genótipos eretos de amendoim cultivados nas regiões Nordeste e Centro-Oeste. Ciência Rural, v. 45, n. 8, p. 1375-1380, 2015.

WITTKOP, B.; SNOWDON, R.; FRIEDT, W. Status and perspectives of breeding for enhanced yield and quality of oilseed crops for Europe. Euphytica, v. 170, p. 131–140, 2009.

WRICKE, G. Uber eine method zur erfassung der okologischen streubreit in feldversuchen. Zeitschrift für Pflanzenzucht, v. 47, p. 92-96, 1962.




Revista Ciência Agronômica ISSN 1806-6690 (online) 0045-6888 (impresso), Site: www.ccarevista.ufc.br, e-mail: ccarev@ufc.br - Fone: (85) 3366.9702 - Expediente: 2ª a 6ª feira - de 7 às 17h.