Biofiltration, growth and body composition of oyster Crassostrea rhizophorae in effluents from shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei

Rafael Vieira de Azevedo, William Cristiane Telles Tonini, Marcel José Martins dos Santos, Luís Gustavo Tavares Braga

Resumo


The objective of this study was to use oyster as biofilter to improve the quality of effluent from shrimp farming and to assess its growth performance and body composition. It was distributed 1,080 oysters into lanterns in fiberglass tanks (170 L) in a completely randomized design with three treatments (0, 60 and 120 oysters) and six replicates. It was used the effluent from the sedimentation tank. It was measured weekly: temperature, salinity, dissolved oxygen and pH, and it was analyzed ammonia-N, nitrite-N, nitrate-N, orthophosphate-P, suspended solids and chlorophyll-a of the input effluent. The control tanks (without oysters) were more efficient at removing ammonia-N, nitrite-N, nitrate-N and orthophosphate-P. The tanks containing oysters were more efficient at removing suspended solids and chlorophyll-a. Stocking density influenced the height growth of oysters, but not width. Wet and daily weight, condition and yield index were not affected by stocking density, and a significant increase in comparison to the initials values was observed. Body composition was not affected by stocking density, and a significant difference (p<0.05) in relation to the initial composition of ether extract was observed. For the other fractions, there was no significant difference (p>0.05). Under the conditions evaluated, the oyster Crassostrea rhizophorae improves water quality and presents growth rates and body composition similar to those obtained in traditional crops.


Palavras-chave


Aquaculture; Integrated system; Performance

Texto completo:

PDF

Referências


BURFORD, M. A. et al. Nutrient and microbial dynamics in high-intensity, zero-exchange shrimp ponds in Belize. Aquaculture, v. 219, n. 1/4, p. 393-411, 2003.

CAMARGO, S. G. O.; POUEY, J. L. O. F. Aquaculture - an expanding market. Revista Brasileira de Agrociência, v. 11, n. 4, p. 393-396, 2005.

CHÁVEZ-VILLALBA, J.; ARREOLA-LIZÁRRA, A.; BURROLA-SANCHEZ, S. Growth, condition, and survival of the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas cultivated within and outside a subtropical lagoon. Aquaculture, v. 300, n. 1/4, p. 128-136, 2010.

DAME, R. F. Bivalve Filter Feeders in Estuarine and Coastal Ecosystem Processes. Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag, 1993. 376 p.

DETMANN, E. et al. Métodos para análise de alimentos. Visconde do Rio Branco, MG: Suprema, 2012. 214 p.

EBELING, J. M.; TIMMONS, M. B.; BISOGNI, J. J. Engineering analysis of the stoichiometry of photoautotrophic, autotrophic, and heterotrophic removal of ammonia-nitrogen in aquaculture systems. Aquaculture, v. 257, n. 1/4, p. 346-358, 2006.

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS. The state of World fisheries and aquaculture 2008. Rome: FAO, 2009. 164 p.

FRANZ, D. R. Allometry of shell and body weight in relation to shore level in the intertidal bivalve Geukensia demissa (Bivalvia: Mytilidae). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, v. 174, n. 2, p. 193-207, 1993.

GALVÃO, M. S. N. et al. Reproductive characters of the oyster Crassostrea rhizophorae from mangroves of Cananéia estuary, São Paulo, Brazil (25ºS; 48ºW). Boletim do Instituto de Pesca, v. 26, n. 2, p. 147-162, 2000.

GUIMARÃES, I. M. et al. Salinity influence on the survival of mangrove oyster Crassostrea rhizophorae. Arquivo de Ciência do Mar, v. 41, n. 1, p. 118-122, 2008.

HADLEY, N. H.; MANZI, J. J. Growth of seed clams, Mercenaria mercenaria, at various densities in a commercial scale nursery system. Aquaculture, v. 36, n. 4, p. 369-378, 1984.

HERNÁNDEZ, O. D.; TROCCOLI, L. G.; MILLIÁN, Y. J. Q. Crecimiento, engorde y sobrevivencia de la ostra de mangle Crassostrea rhizophorae Guilding, 1928 em la Isla de Cubagua, Venezuela. Caribbean Journal of Science, v. 34, n. 3/4, p. 243-249, 1998.

HOLLIDAY, J. E.; MAGUIRE, G. B.; NELL, J. A. Optimum stocking density for nursery culture of Sydney rock oysters (Saccostrea commercialis). Aquaculture, v. 96, n. 1, p. 7-16, 1991.

HONKOOP, P. J. C.; BAYNE, B. L. Stocking density and growth of the Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) and the Sydney rock oyster (Saccostrea glomerata) in Port Stephens, Australia. Aquaculture, v. 213, n. 1/4, p. 171-186, 2002.

JACKSON, C. J. et al. Managing the development of sustainable shrimp farming in Australian: the role of sedimentation ponds in treatment of farm discharge water. Aquaculture, v. 226, n. 1/4, p. 23-34, 2003.

JEFFREY, S. W.; HUMPHREY, G. F. New spectrophotometric equation for determining chlorophyll a, b, c1 and c2, Biochemistry Physiology Pflanzen, v. 167, n. 1, p. 194-204, 1975.

JIANG, S. Aquaculture, capture fisheries, and wild fish stocks. Resource and Energy Economics, v. 32, n. 1, p. 65-77, 2010.

JONES, A. B.; DENNISON, W. C.; PERSTON, N. P. Integrated treatment of shrimp effluent by sedimentation, oyster filtration and macroalgal absorption: a laboratory scale study. Aquaculture, v. 193, n. 1/2, p. 155-178, 2001.

JONES, A. B.; PERSTON, N. P.; DENNISON, W. C. The efficiency and condition of oysters and macroalgae used as biological filters of shrimp pond effluent. Aquaculture Research, v. 33, n. 1, p. 1-19, 2002.

CAVALCANTE JÚNIOR, C. V. et al. Water reuse in an integrated system with fishes, sedimentation, oyster and macroalgae. Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola e Ambiental, v. 9 (suplemento) p. 118-122, 2005. Suplemento.

LEFEBVRE, S.; BARILLÉ, l.; CLERC, M. Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) feeding responses to a fish-farm effluent. Aquaculture, v. 187, n. 1/2, p. 185-198, 2000.

LUCAS, A.; BENINGER, P. G. The use of physiological condition indices in marine bivalve aquaculture, Aquaculture, v. 44, n. 3, p. 187-200, 1985.

MACCACCHERO, G. B.; GUZENSKI, J.; FERREIRA, J. F. Allometric growth on mangrove oyster Crassostrea rhizophorae (Guilding, 1828), cultured in Southern Brazil. Revista Ciência Agronômica, v. 36, n. 3, p. 400-403, 2005.

MADRIGAL, E. et al. Tasa de filtración del ostión de manglar (Crassostrea rhizophorae) Guilding, 1828, a diferentes salinidades y temperatura. Revista de Biologia Tropical, v. 33, n. 1, p. 77-79, 1985.

MARTINO, R. C.; CRUZ, G. M. Proximate composition and fatty acid content of the mangrove oyster Crassostrea rhizophorae along the year seasons. Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology, v. 47, n. 6, p. 955-960, 2004.

MINISTÉRIO DA PESCA E AQUICULTURA. Boletim estatístico da pesca e aquicultura 2010. Brasília: MPA, 2012. 129 p.

ORBAN, E. et al. Growth, nutricional quality and safety of oysters (Crassostrea gigas) cultured in the Lagoon of Venice (Italy). Journal of Science of Food and Agriculture, v. 84, n. 14, p. 1929-1938, 2004.

PANIAGUA-MICHEL, J.; GARCIA, O. Ex-situ bioremediation of shrimp culture effluent using constructed microbial mats. Aquacultural Engineering, v. 28, n. 3/4, p. 131-139, 2003.

PEDROZA, L. F. C.; COZZOLINO, S. M. F. Centesimal and mineral composition of the raw and cooked shellfishes of the Natal-RN city. Ciência e Tecnologia de Alimentos, v. 21, n. 2, p. 154-157, 2001.

PEREIRA, O. M. et al. Growth of the oyster Crassostrea brasiliana sowed on artificial beds under different densities in the estuarine lagoon of Cananéia, São Paulo, Brazil (25ºS, 48ºW). Boletim do Instituto de Pesca, v. 27, n. 1, p. 85-95, 2001.

PIGOTT, G. M.; TUCKER, B. W. Seafood: effects of technology on nutrition. New York: CRC Press, 1990. 384 p.

QUAYLE, D. B.; NEWKIRK, G. F. Farming bivalve molluscs: methods for study and development. World Aquaculture Society, Baton Rouge, LA, USA, 1989. 294 p.

RAMOS, R.; VINATEA, L.; COSTA, R. Treatment of Litopenaeus vannamei farming effluents by sedimentation and oyster Crassostrea rhizophorae filtration. Latin American Journal of Aquatic Research, v. 36, n. 2, p. 235-244, 2008.

RAMOS, R. et al. Treatments of effluents from Litopenaeus vannamei shrimp cultures through sedimentation, filtration and absorption. Latin American Journal of Aquatic Research, v. 38, n. 2, p. 188-200, 2010.

REN, J. S.; ROSS, A. H.; SCHIEL, D. R. Functional descriptions of feeding and energetics of the Pacific oyster Crassotrea gigas in New Zealand. Marine Ecology Progress Series, v. 208, n. 1, p. 119-130, 2003.

REYES, L. M. A. Fundamentos de acuicultura marina. Santafé de Bogotá: INPA, 1995. 225 p.

RICHOUX, N. B.; THOMPSON, R. J. Regulation of particle transport within the ventral groove of the mussel (Mytilus edulis) gill in response to environmental conditions. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, v. 260, n. 2, p. 199-215, 2001.

ROCHA, I. P. Carcinicultura brasileira: Processos tecnológicos, impactos sócio-econômicos, sustentabilidade ambiental, entraves e oportunidades. Revista da ABCC, v. 13, n. 1, p. 13-23, 2011.

RUPPERT, E. E.; BARNES, D. R. Zoologia dos Invertebrados. 7. ed. São Paulo: Rocca, 2005. 1168 p.

SHPIGEL, M. et al. A proposed model for ‘‘environmentally clean’’ land-based culture of fish, bivalves and seaweeds. Aquaculture, v. 117, n. 1/2, p. 115-128, 1993.

SONIAT, T. M. et al. Understanding the success and failure of oyster populations: the importance of sampled variables and sample timing. Journal of Shellfish Research, v. 17, n. 4/5, p. 1149-1165, 1998.

TAYLOR, J. J. et al. Effects of stocking density on growth and survival of early juvenile silver-lip pearl oysters, Pinctada maxima (Jameson), held in suspended nursery culture. Aquaculture, v. 153, n. 1/2, p. 41-49, 1997.




Revista Ciência Agronômica ISSN 1806-6690 (online) 0045-6888 (impresso), Site: www.ccarevista.ufc.br, e-mail: ccarev@ufc.br - Fone: (85) 3366.9702 - Expediente: 2ª a 6ª feira - de 7 às 17h.