Estimating gypsum requirement under no-till based on machine learning technique

Alaine Margarete Guimarães, Eduardo Fávero Caires, Karine Sato da Silva, José Carlos Ferreira da Rocha

Resumo


Chemical stratification occurs under no-till systems, including pH, considering that higher levels are formed from the soil surface towards the deeper layers. The subsoil acidity is a limiting factor of the yield. Gypsum has been suggested when subsoil acidity limits the crops root growth, i.e., when the calcium (Ca) level is low and/or the aluminum (Al) level is toxic in the subsoil layers. However, there are doubts about the more efficient methods to estimate the gypsum requirement. This study was carried out to develop numerical models to estimate the gypsum requirement in soils under no-till system by the use of Machine Learning techniques. Computational analyses of the dataset were made applying the M5’Rules algorithm, based on regression models. The dataset comprised of soil chemical properties collected from experiments under no-till that received gypsum rates on the soil surface, throughout eight years after the application, in Southern Brazil. The results showed that the numerical models generated by rule induction M5’Rules algorithm were positively useful contributing for estimate the gypsum requirements under no-till. The models showed that Ca saturation in the effective cation exchange capacity (ECEC) was a more important attribute than Al saturation to estimate gypsum requirement in no-till soils.

Palavras-chave


Rule induction; Calcium; Aluminum; Subsoil acidity; Phosphogypsum

Texto completo:

PDF

Referências


BLUM, S. C.; CAIRES, E. F.; ALLEONI, L. R. F. Lime and phosphogypsum application and sulfate retention in subtropical soils under no-till system. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, v. 13, n. 2, p. 279-300, 2013.

CAIRES, E. F. et al. Produção de milho, trigo e soja em função das alterações das características químicas do solo pela aplicação de calcário e gesso na superfície, em sistema de plantio direto. Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo, v. 23, n. 2, p. 315-327, 1999.

CAIRES, E. F.; FELDHAUS, I. C.; BLUM, J. Crescimento radicular e nutrição da cevada em função da calagem e aplicação de gesso. Bragantia, v. 60, n. 2, p. 213-223, 2001.

CAIRES, E. F. et al. Lime and gypsum application on the wheat crop. Scientia Agricola, v. 59, n. 2, p. 357-364, 2002.

CAIRES, E. F. et al. Alterações químicas do solo e resposta do milho à calagem e aplicação de gesso. Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo, v. 28, n. 1, p. 125-136, 2004.

CAIRES, E. F. et al. Effects of soil acidity amelioration by surface liming on no-till corn, soybean, and wheat root growth and yield. European Journal of Agronomy, v. 28, n. 1, p. 57-64, 2008.

CAIRES, E. F. et al. Use of gypsum for crop grain production under a subtropical no-till cropping system. Agronomy Journal, v. 103, n. 6, p. 1804-1814, 2011a.

CAIRES, E. F. et al. Surface application of gypsum in low acidic Oxisol under no-till cropping system. Scientia Agricola, v. 68, n. 2, p. 209-216, 2011b.

DALLA NORA, D.; AMADO, T. J. C. Improvement in chemical attributes of Oxisol subsoil and crop yields under no-till. Agronomy Journal, v. 105, n. 5, p. 1393-1403, 2013.

DUGGAL, H; SINGH, P. Comparative study of the performance of M5-Rules algorithm with different algorithms. Journal of Software Engineering and Applications, v. 5, n. 4, p. 270-276, 2012.

GUIMARÃES, A. M.; CATANEO, A.; ZAZUETA, F. Aplicação de computação evolucionária na mineração de dados físico-químicos da água e do solo. Energia na Agricultura, v. 22, n. 1, p. 1-16, 2007.

HOBBS, P. R.; SAYRE, K.; GUPTA, R. The role of conservation agriculture in sustainable agriculture.Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, v. 363, n. 1491, p. 543-555, 2008.

HOLMES, G.; HALL, M.; FRANK, E. Generating rule sets from model trees. In: FOO, N. (Ed.). Advanced Topics in Artificial Intelligence. Proceedings of the 12 th Australian Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence. Sydney: Springer, 1999. p. 1-12.

MEIRA, C. A. A.; ROGRIGUES, L. H. A.; MORAES, S. A. Análise da epidemia da ferrugem do cafeeiro com árvore de decisão. Tropical Plant Pathology, v. 33, n. 2, p. 114-124, 2008.

PAVAN, M. A. et al. Manual de análise química do solo e controle de qualidade. Londrina: Instituto Agronômico do Paraná, 1992. 38 p. (IAPAR. Circular 76)

PEEL, M. C.; FINLAYSON, B. L.; MCMAHON, T. A. Update world map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, v. 11, n. 5, p. 1633-1644, 2007.

RAIJ, B. Van. Gesso na agricultura. Campinas: Instituto Agronômico, 2008. 233 p.

RAIJ, B. Van et al. Recomendações de adubação e calagem para o Estado de São Paulo. Campinas: Instituto Agronômico, 1996. 285 p.

RIBEIRO, A. C.; GUIMARÃES, P. T. G.; ALVAREZ, V. V. H. Recomendação para o uso de corretivos e fertilizantes em Minas Gerais: 5ª aproximação. Viçosa, MG: Comissão de Fertilidade do Solo do Estado de Minas Gerais, 1999. 359 p.

SORATTO, R.P.; CRUSCIOL, C. Dolomite and phosphogypsum surface application effects on annual crops nutrition and yield. Agronomy Journal, v. 100, n. 2, p. 261-269, 2008.

SOUSA, D. M. G.; LOBATO, E. Correção da acidez do solo. In: SOUSA, D. M. G.; LOBATO, E. (Ed.). Cerrado: correção do solo e adubação. Planaltina, DF: Embrapa Cerrados, 2002. p. 81-96.

TANG, C. et al. Responses of wheat and barley to liming on a sandy soil with subsoil acidity. Field Crops Research, v. 80, n. 3, p. 235-244, 2003.

WITTEN, I. H.; FRANK, E.; HALL, M. A. Data Mining: practical machine learning tools and techniques. 3rd. ed. San Francisco: Morgan Kaufmann, 2011. 629 p.

ZAMBROSI, F. C. B.; ALLEONI, L. R. F.; CAIRES, E. F. Nutrient concentration in soil water extracts and soybean nutrition in response to lime and gypsum applications to an acid Oxisol under no-till system. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, v. 79, n. 2, p. 169-179, 2007.




Revista Ciência Agronômica ISSN 1806-6690 (online) 0045-6888 (impresso), Site: www.ccarevista.ufc.br, e-mail: ccarev@ufc.br - Fone: (85) 3366.9702 - Expediente: 2ª a 6ª feira - de 7 às 17h.